跟踪

    The Djura, offers 99.98 percent efficiency and 100 percent reliability, according to Boikon.
    (Photo courtesy of Boikon)

    Boikon开发了技术帮助烟草制造商遵守欧盟的待定供应链安全要求。必威ios下载

    由Taco Tuinstra.

    时钟滴答作响。今年4月,欧盟公布了其烟草产品跟踪跟踪系统的长期预期技术标准。该系统及其相关安全功能应在2019年5月20日前到位,用于香烟和自己的烟草卷。其他烟草产品必须在2024年5月20日前符必威ios下载合要求。

    欧盟称,跟踪和跟踪系统是2014年修订的欧盟烟草产品指令(TPD2)的一部分,旨在减少非法贸易的流行,这将扩大烟草使必威ios下载用对健康的负面影响。人们认为,通过使人们更容易购买烟草产品,非法烟草产品降低了消费障碍。非法烟草产品往往比合法产品便宜得多,而且它们不太可能遵守旨在阻止消费的制造标准和规则,例如禁止某些成分和要求携带健康警告。betway必威体育怎么下载

    非法贸易也使各国政府失去收入。欧盟税务当局错过了一项估计€11.1亿美元(130.5亿美元)的收入每年都是因为避税烟草产品。更糟的是,据信非法烟草贸易为其他形式的有组织犯罪提供资金,例如贩运人口和恐怖主义。必威ios下载

    To combat illicit trade, the EU has come up with an intricate system to track all tobacco products in the EU throughout the entire supply chain, from the time they leave the production line until they are sold to the consumer at a retail outlet. Doing so, the EU hopes, will prevent stock from being diverted away from the official channels and out of sight of regulators.

    不用说,为如此庞大和多样化的市场建立一个有效的制度是一项雄心勃勃的事业。据欧洲吸烟烟草协会称,欧盟对烟草产品的跟踪和追踪将要求监测每年约290亿个包装单位的移动,即每天8000万个包装单位。必威ios下载

    The system adopted by the EU requires each tobacco product to be marked with a unique identifier. In addition, each packet will have to be equipped with at least five different types of authentication elements. At least one of these elements must be visible to the human eye; at least one must be invisible—that is, detectable only with purpose-built tools or professional lab equipment—and there must be at least one “semi-covert” feature. The latter is invisible to the human eye but can be detected with nonspecialist equipment such as a UV flashlight.

    必须由国家“ID发行人”生成和发行唯一的标识符。为确保其独立于烟草业,ID发行人将由每个成员国的政府任命。必威ios下载

    In the meantime, each manufacturer and importer of tobacco products will have to recruit a data storage provider to host the traceability data of its products. Upon approval of the primary data storage provider, the European Commission will select a secondary repository. This one will store a copy of all traceability data so that all member state authorities have access to a single data set showing all product movements within the EU.

    需要前所未有的数据转账和强大的IT基础架构,欧盟的计划已向制造商和供应商争先恐后地进行争夺以重新配置其烟草生产线。必威ios下载即使在4月份宣布的技术标准之前,工程师也在制定解决方案以适应每个可能的监管场景。轨道和跟踪要求是具有挑战性的,特别是对于少数烟草产品的较小制造商,他们倾向于具有更少的财政资源和较少的标准化产品包,这与卷烟包的唯一标识符更难编码。必威ios下载

    Thanks to its small footprint, the Djura can easily be fitted into existing production lines.

    Frontrunner.

    One of the companies at the forefront of the effort has been Boikon of the Netherlands. The firm was founded in 1996 by brothers Jeroen and Erik Oosterhof, who started out by making technical drawings in the attic of their family home. One thing led to another, and the company quickly expanded into other activities. Today, the Boikon “family” includes 75 technicians and offers automated guided vehicles, robotics, machine vision and track-and-trace technology, among other high-end automation solutions. Its expertise extends to thermoplastic composite materials for the aviation business.

    In addition, Boikon boasts considerable experience with automation in the pharmaceutical industry, a sector that is even more heavily regulated than tobacco. The track-and-trace requirements that will soon be required in the EU for tobacco products have long been commonplace for medicines. Leveraging its knowledge gained in the pharmaceutical business, Boikon has developed what it believes to be a suitable solution for the tobacco sector—the Djura.

    The Djura laser prints unique identifier codes on tobacco products and instantly registers them in the appropriate databases at a speed of up to 160 packs per minute. According to Boikon, the system offers 99.98 percent efficiency and 100 percent reliability. Only two in 10,000 codes are applied incorrectly. Products with unreadable codes are rejected, and the codes can be reused immediately. This means that the manufacturer gets to use all of his prepaid codes—he will never “lose” one due to faulty printing.

    已经仔细考虑了编码机在烟草生产线内的定位。必威ios下载Boikon的工程师决定最佳地点是最后的拒绝之后,使代码仅适用于Pack级别的成品。“这个职位与Djura相结合,导致一个封闭的系统,这不易欺诈,”Erik Oosterhof说。成品编码也使系统准备好用于调节器正在考虑的数字税收邮票。必威ios下载

    The Djura is an elegant solution because it does not require reconfiguration of the existing production line. A stand-alone unit, the machine can operate independently without having to communicate with upstream equipment. Its small footprint—less than 1 square meter—means it can easily be integrated into existing production lines. “We typically make room for the Djura by shortening an existing conveyor system,” says Oosterhof. The machine’s modular design also means it can be installed with minimal disruption to the production process. “We can get the machine up and running within one week,” says Oosterhof.

    重要的是,Djura跟踪技术可以处理所有类型的烟草包装,包括袋,罐子和竖立袋。必威ios下载袋子和站立袋由于它们的不均匀形状为编码机械提供了挑战;他们从不以相同的方式呈现自己。Djura只是测量它们的位置,然后相应地调整激光器。如果倾斜袋,则激光器将沿相同的角度倾斜,并且代码被正确施加。随着按钮的推动,操作员调用要编码的产品的“配方”,并且机器自动进行所需的调整。

    Adding value, the Djura provides extra functionality, such as quality control and buffering capacity. “We can ensure the proper materials are on the production line, allowing the manufacturer to reject faulty product before it is bundled,” says Oosterhof. In case of a disruption in the production line, the Djura can buffer packages, minimizing stoppages and improving overall efficiency.

    Judging by Djura’s reception in the marketplace, Boikon is on the right track. Thirty machines are already operating at tobacco factories throughout the EU, and the company has orders for an additional 35.

    奥斯特霍夫将公司的成功部分归功于其内部无所不能的做法。尽管其他公司可能将其部分项目外包给第三方,但博科坚持发展自己的技术。”我们做的都是工程、控制、售后服务。虽然外包工作可能会提前节省开支,但博伊康认为,从长远来看,这可能会更贵。”当我们过去外包时,我们经常发现自己重新设计了这项技术,导致了双重工作。

    他说,内部操作具有几个优势。对于初学者,它给客户一个单一的联系点。”当出现问题时,你要避免在承包商之间指指。”。它还为公司提供了解决技术问题的更大灵活性。因为机电工程师在一个屋顶下共同工作,他们可以确定最合适的部门来解决问题。”通过在内部做事情,你还保留了所需的专门知识,”奥斯特霍夫说。

    This approach has clearly worked for Boikon. The payoff is reflected not only in the early success of its Djura track-and-trace technology but also in the company’s financial performance: Oosterhof expects Boikon’s turnover to double this year.